by Uwe Hoering, January 2016: In October 2013, Xi Jinping, head of China’s government and communist party, announced the initiative „One Belt, One Road“: With the „New Silk Road“, transport and trade routes between China, Central Asia and Eastern Europe are to be expanded and a network of roads, railway lines and pipelines in the region to be build. This would become a kind of backbone for “Economic Corridors”. Besides opening up new trade routes that would make China more independent from maritime shipping routes and better access to existing and new markets, the initiative also aims at access to oil, gas and other natural resources – including land and water.

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